The Causes of Discipline Issues in Nigeria’s Public Secondary Schools, Focusing on Uyo, Akwa Ibo State

Home » The Causes of Discipline Issues in Nigeria’s Public Secondary Schools, Focusing on Uyo, Akwa Ibo State

All parties engaged, including students, parents, and educators, consider a lack of discipline to be the most important problem plaguing secondary schools across the nation. This view is shared by all stakeholders involved. Indiscipline in students can manifest itself in a wide variety of ways, including but not limited to: tardiness, absence without a valid excuse, disruption of classes, open defiance of authority, poor academic performance, cheating during examinations, and violence, amongst other behaviors (Nigeria (2005), Alero (2006), and Nwogugu, 2006). Indiscipline in students can also take the form of truancy, which is defined as the intentional evasion of responsibility for one’ At this essay, we will make an effort to determine the reasons why pupils in public secondary schools in the Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibo State are so undisciplined, and we will also provide some suggestions on how this issue might be resolved. More specifically, we shall be concentrating on the Uyo Local Government Area in Akwa Ibo.


It is a widely held idea that the manner in which a society deals with its younger members is an accurate reflection of the health of that society as a whole. This is as a result of the fact that the children and teens of today will develop into the leaders of the future. As a direct result of this, it is of the utmost importance that they be disciplined in order for them to be capable of guiding society in the direction that should be taken. Children who are enrolled in public secondary schools in the Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibo State and who do not exhibit proper levels of discipline make up a sizeable percentage of the student body. This is the case for a number of distinct reasons, each of which is unique. The following is an example of one of these causes:

1) The extremely low incomes that are typical in this part of the world.

2) The high rate of unemployment that is characteristic of the area as a whole.

3) The subpar quality of education provided by the vast majority of the region’s public secondary schools.

4) The absence of parental supervision at home from one or both of the parents 5. The rampant use of illicit narcotics among the student body as a whole.

6) The failure of certain parents and guardians to instill their children with strong ethical convictions

An Exposition of the Main Point of the Study

For a variety of different causes, the students that attend public secondary schools in the Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibo State are famously unruly. One might classify these factors according to a number of different categories. Some examples of these issues include a lack of parental supervision, pressure from classmates, an undesirable culture at school, and low academic accomplishment. Students may experience emotions of neglect and insignificance if their parents are not actively involved in their life. Because of this, the absence of parental supervision is typically the most significant source of these issues. As a result of this, they could engage in disruptive conduct in an attempt to get people’s attention. Students could have the impression that they are under pressure to conform to the inappropriate behavior of their peers, which can be a significant contributor to the issue. Additionally, an important factor is the influence that comes from one’s peers. The culture of the school as a whole may also be a factor in the lack of respect that kids have for adults in authoritative positions. Students are more likely to express discontent and anger as a result of the school being overcrowded or having insufficient resources. This is because students are more likely to perceive that the school is not meeting their needs. The inability to obtain satisfactory results in academic endeavors may also lead to behavioral problems. When children do not feel as though they are making academic progress, it is conceivable that they may stop caring about how they conduct themselves while they are in school. This can lead to serious disciplinary problems. A variety of educational institutions are facing a big challenge in the form of widespread drug use among student populations. As an illustration, in the year 2016, the police in Port Harcourt carried out a search warrant at the College of Fisheries campus. During the course of the search, they found hidden on the premises of the institution four hundred liters of marijuana of an exceptionally good quality.

First Paragraph of the Body (Introduction To The Problem)

Indiscipline is rapidly becoming a cankerworm that is eating deep into the threads of our society today, and this is something that cannot be ignored as a reality. The threads of our society are being eaten away at from the inside out. As a result of the extent to which it has embedded itself into the social fabric of the society, the negative effects of this phenomenon can now be observed in every sphere of human existence. Nobody is safe, not even the family, not even the school, not even the government, and not even religious institutions. Everyone should be very worried about the high prevalence of disobedience among children who attend public secondary schools in the Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibo State. These children are a part of the population that is most likely to be disobedient. This is a significant reason for apprehension.

The second paragraph of the body (Gross Neglect By Parents)

Children that are enrolled in public secondary schools in the Uyo Local Government Area are one of the key contributors to a lack of discipline, and one of the primary causes is gross neglect on the part of their parents. The vast majority of these students come from homes where there is dysfunction, which means they have never experienced love or compassion from an adult. As a direct result of this, people routinely participate in a broad array of unacceptable actions in both their personal and professional life. These acts can be classified as either illegal or unethical. Some of them have even turned to illegal activities in order to put food on the table for themselves and their families. This is because they are under the impression that nobody cares about them and that they are entirely cut off from the rest of the world. This contributes to the fact that they behave in this manner. They have nothing to look forward to in life, so they squander their time indulging in bad activities such as having relationships with older men, using marijuana, and drinking alcohol. They have nothing to look forward to in life, so they waste their time engaging in destructive actions. Some children who are required to stay home after school seek solace in social media, which ultimately leads them to online sexual chat rooms. This phenomenon is not widespread, but it does affect a subset of pupils. This conduct is associated with an increased probability of unwanted pregnancy as well as the development of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and AIDS. These would place a tremendous stress on the resources that are available to the family, and if they were not dealt with in a timely manner, there is a possibility that death may follow. There has been an increase in the number of cases of high-risk sexual activity among young people. Some examples of this behavior include engaging in oral sex without protection, many sexual activities without protection, vaginal intercourse without protection, and anal sex without protection. Therefore, it is the responsibility of parents to make certain that their children are healthy and content, as well as to instruct them in how to lead a moral life, so that their children do not fall in to the temptations that are all around them.

The Third Paragraph of the Body (Lack Of Proper Education And Training By Parents)

Their parents do not obtain the proper education and training, which is one of the key reasons why there is a lack of discipline among the students attending public secondary schools in the Uyo Local Government Area. The vast majority of parents are confused about how to teach and care for their children in an appropriate manner. They do not understand how to properly instill discipline in their children, hence they are unable to do so. As a consequence of this, their children are unable to conceptualize the idea of discipline while they are growing up, and as a result, they grow up to be people who lack self-control. Another element that contributes to the lack of respect for authority displayed by students attending public secondary schools in the Uyo Local Government Area is a lack of parental monitoring of those students. The vast majority of parents do not provide their children with an appropriate level of supervision. They do not keep an eye on the after-school activities of their children and have no clue what their children are doing when they are not in school since they do not monitor such activities. Because of this, their children are able to spend their time unattended and have the freedom to engage in a broad variety of activities that are rebellious to their parents’ wishes. These forms of undisciplined actions include things like skipping school, smoking cigarettes, using illegal drugs, engaging in gang activity, and joining cults. In addition, there are some parents who do not provide the level of care that is necessary for their children, or they neglect the duties that they have for those youngsters. They come to feel that no one is interested in them or cares about what they have to say, and as a result, they become unmotivated students who skip school because they conclude that nobody is listening to them or considering what they have to say in any case. Another problem that has to be addressed among the high school students in the Uyo Local Government Area is the use of illicit substances. Abuse of drugs nearly invariably culminates in addiction, which is a disorder that can have life-altering consequences for the individual who suffers from it. Drugs inhibit cognitive abilities while simultaneously making people forgetful; they make people hostile while simultaneously reducing their capacity for self-control; they weaken the immune system while simultaneously inducing a desire for more drugs; they suppress sexual maturation while simultaneously impairing brain function; they raise the risk of developing cancer while simultaneously hastening death; and so on and so forth.


There is a widespread problem with a lack of discipline in the public secondary schools in Uyo, which is located in the state of Akwa Ibom. The causes of this problem stem from a range of various factors. There are a number of key elements that contribute to the problem, some of the most significant of which are a lack of parental supervision, poor educational facilities, and an insufficient number of professional teachers. Because of these difficulties, students may have sentiments of anger and hopelessness, which may subsequently lead to their acting out in disruptive ways. As a result, the school environment may suffer.

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